St. Stephansdom (St. Stephen's Cathedral)
St. Stephen's Cathedral has long been one of Vienna's most important and impressive landmarks and stands proudly within the Inner City, serving as a monument to the past. The Stephansdom is nothing short of a Gothic masterpiece and dates from the late 13th century. Highlights include ornate, patterned roofs and a tall, latticework spire, which towers some 136 metres / 446 feet in height and plays an important part of the city's skyline.
Heldenplatz (Heroes Square) –
When you stand on the Heldenplatz and try to picture the crowds of literally thousands who once gathered here in 1938 to listen as Adolf Hitler addressed them, it is quite likely that you will experience a chill down your spine. Heldenplatz has become a famous local landmark for this reason alone and is conveniently close to the spreading parks of the Burggarten and the Volksgarten.
The Judenplatz ranks highly amongst the most attractive of Vienna's many public plazas and marks the spot of a Jewish ghetto, which was based here around 700 years ago. Today, the square is home to a number of Jewish-themed attractions, including the modern Holocaust Memorial (Holocaust Mahnmal), along with the Jewish cultural centre and the Museum Judenplatz, which contains artefacts and information about a medieval synagogue which once stood on this very spot.
Parlament (Austrian Parliament Building) –
One of Vienna's most magnificent landmarks, the palatial Parlament building is the official residence of the Austrian Parliament and is located on the southern side of the Rathausplatz, on Dr. Karl Renner's Avenue and close to the many other grand buildings. Construction of the Parlament commenced in 1874 and lasted just under ten years, with the facade clearly being inspired by classical Greek temples. The Austrian Parliament Building comprises no less than 100 rooms and these include both the rooms of the Federal Council and the Chambers of the National Council.
The Kaisergruft is located on the NeueMarkt and close to the Hofburg. This somewhat exclusive and ornate crypt has become a bizarre attraction and the bodies of almost 150 Austrian aristocrats remain here, including 30 past emperors and empresses. The Kaisergruft is visited by literally thousands each year, who come to marvel at the freestanding tombs and beautiful sarcophagi.