The societies having subjective and parochial political cultures are always susceptible to civil-military bureaucracy governance. Hence, without reforming the political culture of the political parties, one cannot change the political culture of Pakistani society. Without changing the political culture of Pakistani society, one cannot aspire for a stable democratic political system in Pakistan.
Pakistan’s strategic challenges on the Western border have been multiplied in 2011. The Pakistan Institute for Peace Studies, Islamabad, reported that from 2007 to 2010, NATO forces and the Afghan National Army violated Pakistan’s borders at least 194 times. It added that in 2011, as many as 67 such incidents were reported in which 57 Pakistani soldiers were killed. This report indicates that the frequency of such attacks increased in 2011.
Although, (according to the reports) Pakistan has set up more than 700 security check posts along the Pakistan-Afghan border to prevent the terrorist groups’ border crossing, in reality, it is very difficult to completely monitor 2,600 km Afghanistan-Pakistan border and prevent illegal border crossings.
The May 2, 2011, killing of Osama Bin Laden, and martyrdom of 26 Pakistani soldiers at the Salala check-post by the NATO helicopters and fighter jets underscored the fragility of the Pakistani defensive fence on the Western border. Admittedly, these two incidents were different, but they flashed an identical weakness of Pakistani strategy i.e. Western border defensive apparatus is outdated. It was neither successful in detecting the penetration of the American helicopters on May 2, 2011, nor capable to prevent its soldiers, deployed at the check-post which was located within the Pakistani territory, from NATO’s two hours air operation on November 26, 2011.
Many Pakistani strategic pundits believe that once American forces’ withdrawal from Afghanistan completed, the Western border’s fragility will automatically be improved. Agreed, Kabul would not dare to strike on Pakistan, once it lost the US, NATO and ISAF military support. The disturbing factor here is that Kabul has constituted a strategic partnership with New Delhi. The Indian presence in Kabul should not be underestimated. Secondly, the terrorist syndicate led by Al Qaeda remnants would remain in this part of the world for years to come.
Therefore, the need for a comprehensive defensive fence of Pakistan on the Western border necessitates that Islamabad should increase its military presence on the Western borders. Its Peshawar and Quetta Corps structure should be reformed. Both Corps must be given modern weaponry; particularly the air defense capability on the Western border should be improved.
To conclude, Pakistan has been adequately monitoring and updating its defensive mechanism on its Eastern border, but the defenses on the Western border cannot be ignored in 2012.