• Both leaders agreed that terrorism is the main threat to both countries. Both leaders affirmed their resolve to fight terrorism and to cooperate with each other to this end.
• Prime Minister Singh reiterated the need to bring the perpetrators of Mumbai attacks to justice. Prime Minister Gilani assured that Pakistan will do everything in its power in this regard.
• Both leaders agreed that the two countries will share real time credible and actionable information on any future terrorist threats.
• Prime Minister Gilani mentioned that Pakistan has some information on threats in Balochistan and other areas.
• Both Prime Ministers recognized that dialogue is the only way forward. Action on terrorism should not be linked to the Composite Dialogue process and these should not be bracketed. Prime Minister Singh said that India was ready to discuss all issues with Pakistan, including all outstanding issues.
Despite the willingness of the Prime Minister Singh, the deadlock between India and Pakistan continued because of the severe criticism of the Indian parliamentarians over the July 16, Joint Statement in the Lock Shaba. Nevertheless, the rationality prevailed over the madness. The Indians refrained from alleging Pakistan over the July 13, 2011, bomb explosions in Mumbai. Therefore, the Foreign Minister meeting scheduled for July 27, 2011, was not cancelled. Pakistan’s Foreign Minister Hina Rabbani Khar arrived in New Delhion July 26, 2011, to discuss confidence-building measures, such as relaxing trade and travel restrictions across a ceasefire with the Indian External Affairs Minister S.M. Krishna.
The restart of dialogue process between India and Pakistan is certainly a right step in the right direction. It would provide opportunity to both states to enhance bilateral trade and jointly combat the menace of terrorism. Moreover, it would also assist Islamabad and New Delhi to address the security dilemma puzzle between them. For instance, in the previous Foreign Sectaries meeting (at Islamabad) proposals were made for expanding trade and travel across the Line of Control. At present trading between Indian held Kashmir and Azad Kashmir is done through Muzaffarabad-Uri and Poonch-Rawalakot routes, while India has proposed three additional points — Nauseri-Tithwal, Hajipur-Uri and Tattapani-Mendhar routes. The materialization of these proposals would
Islamabad seems very sincere in combating the menace of transnational terrorism and drug trafficking. On July 23, 2011, Interior Minister of Pakistan Rehman Malik suggested the constitution of SAARC-Pol, on the pattern of Interpol. He also called for the formation of a joint task force to control incidents of piracy in the Indian Ocean. The SAARC-Interpol, certainly, contributes positively in combating the trans-regional criminals.
To conclude, the preceding discussion manifests that both the ruling elites and opinion makers in India and Pakistan should realize that the avoidance of rhetoric allegation, restart of composite dialogue and chalking out a sharedcounterterrorism strategy are imperative to combat the menace of terrorism in the South Asia.